Numerous people suffer from diabetes today. Unfortunately, their number continues to grow steadily. Many people do not know or ignore the main reasons for its occurrence. This can lead to negative consequences. You should pay attention to this article and your health, so as not to become another victim of diabetes.
Diabetes: What Is It?
You may know that high blood sugar is the main cause of diabetes. But do you know what exactly leads to an increase in blood sugar? So, each person’s body produces insulin. It is responsible for the rapid processing of sugar entering the body into energy. When the body fails to produce this hormone, the risk of diabetes increases dramatically. The disease becomes almost inevitable in this case.
There are several types of diabetes today. But type 1 and type 2 diabetes are diagnosed in most cases. That’s why you should pay attention to them. It will be easier to avoid the disease or detect it at an early stage if you know about the main causes and symptoms of diabetes.
Everything You Need to Know About Type 1 Diabetes
This type of disease is very common among children and adolescents. However, this does not mean that adults do not have type 1 diabetes. This is a very severe form of the disease.
As noted above, the human body produces insulin, which normalizes blood sugar levels. However, the human immune system itself can block the production of this important hormone. In this case, the sugar enters the body but is not processed into energy. This is what happens with type 1 diabetes. However, the exact reasons for this blockage have not yet been established despite numerous studies conducted in this area.
The inability of the body to produce insulin, which means to process sugar into energy, leads to starvation of the body’s cells and an increase in the level of sugar in the blood. This necessarily leads to disruption of the functioning of such vital organs as the kidneys and heart. Visual impairment and damage to the nervous system are also characteristic of type 1 diabetes. Fatalities also occur.
Daily insulin injections are the only type 1 diabetes therapy known to date.
Main Signals Characteristic of Type 1 Diabetes
The difficulty of diagnosing type 1 diabetes is the sudden appearance of its symptoms. That is, the disease does not develop gradually giving signals about it to you. Its symptoms become apparent suddenly through the following signs:
- Rapid weight loss while following the usual lifestyle and without changing the diet.
- Sudden nausea and pain in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Constant feeling of thirst.
- Weakness, drowsiness, and irritability.
- Constant desire to eat.
- Visual impairment.
Ways to Treat Type 1 Diabetes
This type of diabetes is treated only by entering insulin into the body from external sources. This can be an injection, pump or other methods. The main condition is the supply of insulin to the body for processing sugar into energy. This way, cell starvation and increases in blood sugar are eliminated. However, patients often have problems with the dosage of insulin. It depends on some factors including:
- Daily diet.
- Physical activity.
- State of health and well-being.
The above aspects are not permanent. It is difficult to monitor their changes and take them into account when determining the dosage of insulin. The danger is that an overdose of insulin can lead to a drop in blood sugar to a critical level. Extremely negative health consequences occur in this case.
If the human body does not receive enough insulin, this leads to a rise in blood sugar levels, which is also dangerous for human health and life. That is why it is important to calculate the required dosage as accurately as possible. A huge amount of research and experiments have been conducted in this direction. Devices that help to effectively treat type 1 diabetes by determining the necessary dose of insulin were developed as a result.
Type 2 Diabetes: Description
This type of diabetes is more typical for the older generation. However, the development tendency of type 2 diabetes among people under 35 has been growing in recent years. This is not such a severe form of the disease as type 1 diabetes but this does not mean that it should be ignored.
People who are overweight and have low physical activity are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The human body produces insulin but not enough to process all the sugar that enters the body into energy. It gradually begins to accumulate in the blood.
Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms and Treatment
Signs that a person can understand about the beginning of type 2 diabetes are similar to those that are characteristic of type 1 diabetes. However, they are less pronounced. This leads to the fact that people do not attach importance to them, taking them for normal fatigue, thirst or hunger but not connecting them with the onset of the disease.
Therapy for type 2 diabetes is less radical. In most cases, proper nutrition, giving up bad habits and increasing physical activity can normalize the body’s insulin output. Sometimes medications are prescribed to help the body do this.